Malaysia’s population has increased from 32.5 million in 2019 to an estimated 32.7 million this year, with an annual growth rate of 0.4%
However, the number of non-citizens has decreased to 3 million from 3.1 million in 2019, leading to a slower rate in the nation’s population growth, said chief statistician Datuk Seri Mohd Uzir Mahidin.
“This is in line with the closure of our national borders and the return of foreigners to their respective countries during the movement control order (MCO) period following the Covid-19 pandemic,” he said while presenting the findings in an online press conference recently.
Out of the estimated population of 32.7 million, 29.7 million were citizens while 3 million were non-citizens.
The non-citizens are believed to be mostly Indonesians and southern Filipinos in Sabah.
“The growth rate of citizens remained stable at 1.1%, with the population increasing from 29.4 million in 2019 to 29.7 million in 2020,” he said.
Meanwhile, the percentage of the population aged between 0-14 years decreased to 23.3%, down from 23.5% in 2019, putting Malaysia on the path of being an ageing nation.
The overall percentage of those in the 15-64 year group, or the working age, also decreased from 69.8% in 2019 to 69.7% in 2020.
Dr Mohd Uzir said that this was due to the reduction in the size of the country’s non-citizen population, which mainly comprised foreign workers.
“The percentage of the population aged 65 years and over, or old age, also increased from 6.7% to 7% over the same period,” he said.
Malaysia men continue to outnumber women at 16.8 mil compared to 15.9 mil, with the nation’s sex ratio remaining at 106 men to 100 women in 2020.
There continues to be a decline in the ethnic Indian and Chinese population,while of the 29.7 mil citizens, the percentage of bumiputeras (Malays and other indigenous races) rose by 0.3% to 69.6% in 2020, compared to 69.3% in 2019.
“Chinese and Indian populations declined, with the former at 22.6% this year compared to 22.8% in 2019, and 6.9% compared to 6.8% in 2019 for the latter.
“Others remained at 1%,” he said.